Risk from Vitamin B2, B6, B12 Deficiency
Vitamin B is important in the formation of red blood cells, maintenance of neurological function, and synthesis of nucleic acids. Vitamin B is found abundantly in salmon and breakfast cereals.
Risk from Folate Deficiency
Folate is involved in the synthesis of nucleic acids and metabolism of amino acids. It is found abundantly in spinach and asparagus.
Risk of High Homocysteine
Homocysteine is an amino acid implicated in cardiovascular disease and dementia. Homocysteine levels can be effectively reduced with consumption of B vitamins.
Vulnerability to Alcohol
Alcohol abuse can reduce the body's absorption of nutrients. If consuming alcohol regularly, a diet abundant in vegetables and fruits is imperative.
Risk from Vitamin D Deficiency
Vitamin D is involved in a myriad of cognitive and physiological processes, including brain, bone, muscle, and immune health. Maintain healthy Vitamin D levels with sunlight, fish, and dairy.
Risk from Choline Deficiency
Choline is an essential nutrient involved in metabolism, neurotransmission, and the structural integrity of cells. Eggs, fish, and cruciferous vegetables are reliable sources of choline.
Risk from Vitamin C/E Deficiency
Vitamin C and E are systemically important antioxidants involved in the maintenance of the immune system, and in the protection of cells from free radicals. Reliable dietary sources include seeds (E) and cruciferous vegetables/citrus (C). Adequate dietary intake of antioxidants can attenuate the effects of mutations associated with reduced antioxidant activity.
Risk from Higher Cholesterol
The cognitive risks from high cholesterol and other markers of poor cardiovascular health are influenced by an individual's genetic profile.
Oxidative Stress Vulnerability
Oxidative stress occurs naturally in the course of life, and the body has evolved ways to mitigate the damage of reactive oxygen species. To promote resilience, consume fruits, vegetables, and exercise daily.
Risk from Betaine Deficiency
Among other functions, Betaine serves to protect cells, proteins, and enzymes from environmental stress. Reliable Betaine sources include whole wheat bread, shrimp, and spinach.
Risk from Calcium Deficiency
Calcium is involved in bone health, vascular contraction, muscle function, nerve transmission, cell signaling, and hormonal secretion. Find calcium abundantly in dairy and fish.
Plant-Based Mediterranean Diet
A Mediterranean diet is centered around vegetables, legumes, olive oil, whole grains, and fish, with moderate consumption of dairy and eggs. This diet is associated with a longer life and improved cognition.
Risk from Potassium Deficiency
Inadequate potassium manifests as fatigue, muscle weakness and cramps, bloating, constipation, and abdominal pain. Potatoes, tomatoes, and raisins are reliable sources. Mutations in the Vitamin D receptor are associated with risk of low bone mineral density. Low Magnesium can further increase risk of low bone mineral density.
Cardiac Risk from High Coffee Consumption (873 ml+ daily)
Individuals with reduced activity of an enzyme involved in the breakdown of catecholamines have a higher risk of coronary incidence with heavy daily coffee consumption, defined as greater than 873ml of black coffee daily.
Age Related Vision Changes
Macular degeneration is influenced by oxidative stress and inflammation. The antioxidants vitamin C and E may offset age related oxidative stress implicated in macular degeneration.
Risk From High Saturated Fat Intake
Guidelines around dietary saturated fat intake are evolving, but a standard guideline is that saturated fat should account for no more than between 7-10% of your daily calories. Certain genetic variants are associated with exacerbated risk of cardiovascular disease, relative to the population, when following diets high in saturated fat.