Risk of Cardiovascular Disease
Sedentarism, or a lifestyle lacking in physical activity, is unfortunately very common. Among the risks of physical inactivity are cognitive decline and shorter lifespan. Walk at least 30 minutes/day.
Endurance athleticism enables long, sustained periods of physical exertion, and is associated with improved energy efficiency.
Power athleticism enables increased muscle contractile force. Accordingly, it is associated with improved sprint speed and muscle performance.
Balancing muscle recovery time and exercise sessions is critical in building strength and fitness. Avoid alcohol and ensure adequate sleep and nutrition to facilitate faster recovery.
Adrenaline Response to Exercise
Exercise activates the "fight or flight" response, leading to the release of adrenaline. Increased adrenaline secretion from exercise may prevent tumor growth.
Noradrenaline Response to Exercise
Noradrenaline acts in the brain to increase vigilance and memory formation. Systemically, it acts to increase heart rate, glucose release, and blood flow to skeletal muscles.
Respiratory Sensitivity to Pollution and Smoke
Respiratory sensitivity to pollution refers to an individual's relative likelihood of developing a pulmonary condition when chronically exposed to air pollution or smoke from any source.
Temperature Regulation During Exercise
Core body temperature regulation influences the subjective feeling of pleasure during exercise, as well as performance. If you overheat often, try swimming or wear breathable athletic wear.
Your circadian rhythm is your body's natural clock. Some people are delayed, meaning they wake up and sleep later, some advanced, meaning they wake and sleep earlier, and some are intermediate.
Heart Rate Response to Exercise Training
An individual's heart rate response to exercise training refers to how quickly daily exercise training can reduce resting heart rate and improve cardiovascular health.
Fast Twitch Muscle
Fast twitch muscles produce greater contractile force, therefore influencing strength, speed, and energy expenditure.
Plasma Homocysteine Response to Exercise
Homocysteine is an amino acid implicated in cardiovascular disease and dementia. Individuals at risk of elevated homocysteine can modify the association by maintaining high cardio fitness.
Risk of Low Bone Mineral Density
Certain variants in the Vitamin D receptor can predispose individuals to low bone density. This risk can be offset with frequent consumption of vitamin D, calcium, and daily physical activity.
Propensity for Inflammation
Inflammation liberates, and is potentiated by, reactive oxygen species. A Mediterranean diet can reduce inflammation, and frequent consumption of vitamin C and E reduce oxidative stress.